Private: Healthcare in Denmark

Understanding Healthcare in Denmark: An Expat's Guide

Denmark is renowned for its high-quality healthcare system, which is accessible to both its citizens and expatriates. As an expat moving to Denmark, it is essential to familiarize yourself with the Danish healthcare system to ensure you can access the necessary medical services when needed. In this article, we will provide an overview of the Danish healthcare system and guide you on how expatriates can access healthcare services in Denmark.

The Danish Healthcare System: An Overview

The Danish healthcare system is often regarded as one of the best in the world, offering comprehensive and universal healthcare coverage to all residents. The system is primarily funded through taxes, ensuring that healthcare services are accessible to everyone, regardless of their financial situation.

Denmark operates under a national healthcare scheme known as the "Danish Health Act." This act ensures that all residents have equal access to healthcare services, including preventive care, hospital treatment, and specialist consultations. The Danish healthcare system is characterized by its emphasis on primary care, which plays a crucial role in managing and coordinating patients' overall health.

Primary Care in Denmark

Primary care forms the foundation of the Danish healthcare system. General practitioners (GPs), known as "læger" in Danish, act as the first point of contact for patients seeking medical assistance. GPs provide a wide range of services, including diagnosis, treatment, and referrals to specialists when necessary.

As an expat in Denmark, it is essential to register with a local GP to access primary care services. Registration can be done by contacting your local municipality or through the Danish National Health Insurance (Sygesikringen) website. Once registered, you will receive a yellow health insurance card, which you must present during each visit to your GP or other healthcare providers.

Specialist Care and Hospitals

If your condition requires specialized treatment or hospital care, your GP will refer you to a specialist or a hospital. Denmark has a vast network of public hospitals, ensuring that residents have access to high-quality medical facilities and specialized care.

It is important to note that non-emergency specialist consultations and hospital treatments are typically covered by the Danish healthcare system. However, waiting times for non-urgent procedures can be longer, and you may consider private healthcare options if you prefer quicker access to certain treatments.

Accessing Healthcare as an Expat

As an expatriate in Denmark, you are entitled to the same healthcare benefits as Danish citizens. However, there are a few steps you need to take to ensure you can access healthcare services smoothly:

1. Register with the Danish National Health Insurance

Registering with the Danish National Health Insurance (Sygesikringen) is a crucial step for accessing healthcare services in Denmark. This registration provides you with a yellow health insurance card, which serves as proof of your entitlement to healthcare services.

To register, you need to contact your local municipality and provide necessary documents such as your residence permit, passport, and proof of address. Once registered, you will receive your health insurance card within a few weeks.

2. Find a General Practitioner (GP)

After receiving your health insurance card, it is important to find a local GP (læge) and register with them. Your GP will be your primary point of contact for any non-emergency healthcare needs.

You can find a list of GPs in your area through the Danish National Health Insurance website or by contacting your local municipality. When choosing a GP, consider factors such as their location, opening hours, and whether they speak English if you are not fluent in Danish.

3. Understand Emergency Care Services

In case of a medical emergency, it is important to know how to access emergency care services in Denmark. The emergency number in Denmark is 112, which can be dialed for immediate assistance in life-threatening situations.

Denmark has a well-developed emergency medical service (EMS) system, ensuring that emergency care is readily available throughout the country. Ambulances are dispatched promptly, and emergency departments in hospitals are equipped to handle critical cases.

4. Consider Private Health Insurance

While the Danish healthcare system provides comprehensive coverage, some expatriates may choose to supplement their healthcare with private health insurance. Private health insurance can offer additional benefits such as faster access to specialist care, private hospital rooms, and coverage for certain treatments not fully covered by the public system.

Before purchasing private health insurance, it is advisable to carefully review the coverage and compare different insurance providers to find the most suitable option for your needs.


Denmark's healthcare system is renowned for its accessibility and high-quality care. As an expatriate in Denmark, understanding how to access healthcare services is essential for your well-being. By registering with the Danish National Health Insurance, finding a local GP, and familiarizing yourself with emergency care services, you can ensure that you receive the necessary medical assistance when needed. Whether you choose to rely solely on the public healthcare system or opt for private health insurance, Denmark's healthcare system is designed to provide comprehensive care for all residents, including expatriates.